Neurotic people are constantly worried about something, they have mood swings, problems with self-esteem. But neuroticism isn’t a disease, you can get rid of it with a psychologist.
Who Is a Neurotic?
Neurotic personality is a concept in psychology, which characterizes the presence of certain specific character traits in a person. This is an emotional imbalance, an increased level of anxiety, a tendency to depression, low self-esteem, which is hard to get rid of even after hitting a jackpot at ライブカジノPlayAmo.
Neuroticism is well studied by psychiatrists and psychotherapists. According to Eysenck, neuroticism refers to personality changes as extraversion, introversion, psychoticism. The psychologist believed that personality changes are related to the activity of the nervous system, which is due to genetic factors.
According to the type of thinking, neurotics belong to the centrists. They occupy a middle position between those who first react with emotion. And those who first react with their mind, with words.
Types of neurotics:
- Invasive or hostile. Such people literally squeeze everything they need out of others, even if they have to violate the Criminal or Civil Code to do so. They do not accept their own weakness, can not tolerate criticism and failure, constantly need to feel superiority over others. There are three types – narcissists, perfectionists and arrogant, vengeful individuals.
- Compliant or accommodating. The person tries in every way to beg, to achieve love, care and approval of other people. Unable to independently set and achieve goals, they necessarily need a leader and protector. Treats everyone with love and respect, avoids quarrels, rivalry, does not defend his point of view, can tolerate insults and humiliation.
- Alienated or detached. This person makes every effort to be independent from others. He doesn’t tolerate even the hint of pressure and coercion, attachment, does not bind himself/herself with obligations and promises.
Neuroticism isn’t a pathology or personality disorder. It’s one of a person’s personality traits.
Neurotic people have a relatively constant tendency to experience psychotraumatic emotional situations. They often experience anger, jealousy, sadness, and guilt.
People opposed to neurotics are characterized by a stable emotional and mental organization, calm, less prone to excessive excitement, and react to stress gently.
The key difference between the neurotic and the psychotic is that the neurotic feels bad about everything around him or herself. The psychotic is often well, but those around him/her feel badly.
A neurotic isn’t a neurasthenic. Neurasthenia refers to mental disorders. Signs of neurasthenic disorders – increased fatigue, inability to tolerate prolonged mental or physical stress. The causes are a combination of mental trauma and chronic fatigue or lack of sleep, infection, intoxication.
Why People Become Neurotic
Neuroticism is most often an acquired character trait, but it can also be inherited. The reasons for the characteristic personality traits are varied.
Neuroticism or neuroticism is a consequence of differences in the structure and function of the nervous system, the increased reactivity of the sympathetic and limbic systems. Some scholars read that neuroticism is a type of mental noise. In neurotics, thinking is less ordered, thoughts are constantly jumping around. In people with a different personality type, the thinking process is more regular and not as frantic.
Jones says that a person’s character is formed in childhood. So, it isn’t difficult to raise a neurotic. Various problems arise if the child’s needs aren’t properly met. The little man has to look for solutions to help him cope with frustration. But gradually the situation only gets worse. The cause may be the parents’ habit of showing dissatisfaction, often criticizing and comparing the child, and shifting their problems and failures onto the children. Often adults do not show unconditional love, but only as a reward for good behavior.
All of this leads to neurotic personality development, which manifests as follows:
- Fixating on resentment instead of anger because it’s dangerous to show anger when you are not accepted.
- Suppressing aggression, which then manifests as autoaggression, feelings of shame or guilt. Or the accumulated negative emotions erupt suddenly and cannot be managed or controlled.
- The habit of being nice, to please everyone in order to deserve love and approval.
- Lack of self-esteem, problems with self-esteem. Neurotics constantly put a lot of effort into correcting their own shortcomings. For them, the opinion and feedback of others is important.
- Inability to say “no.” Neurotic people believe that their refusal is a display of disrespect and indifference. So, they often do things that they dislike and don’t want, to the detriment of their own interests.
- Neurotic people cannot hear “no”; they perceive this word too painfully.
As a result, the child develops a trauma of rejection which he or she carries over into adulthood. The degree and depth of childhood trauma largely determines how high the level of neurotization will be. These factors are the main indicators of whether a person will develop a personality disorder, neurotic personality traits or simply some specific character traits.
Neuroticism is hereditary. In the presence of triggering factors, signs of neurotic personality show up in adolescence, in young adults.
Other Causes of Neuroticism
People with high levels of neuroticism have elevated levels of serotonin in certain parts of the limbic system. The more active the serotonin receptors, the more neuroticism appears. This is due to a particular gene structure that is responsible for transporting serotonin.
Why neuroticism occur:
- Abnormalities in the brain’s neurotrophic factors – these proteins are necessary for growth, survival, and when they decrease, there is anxiety and frequent mood swings.
- Constant exposure to stressors.
- Changes in cortisol levels in the blood.
- Excessive excitement in the prefrontal cortex and amygdaloid body of the brain when exposed to emotional stimuli.
The development of neuroticism is influenced by temperament, the presence and number of psychological problems and stressors.
Positive Qualities of Neurotics
Being neurotic is not a bad thing, as long as it doesn’t interfere with your life or the lives of those around you.
Here are the main advantages:
- Neurotics most often have high intelligence. There are many neurotic personalities among brilliant scientists. One of the most famous is Isaac Newton, who could not tolerate stressful situations and reacted to them with bouts of nausea and stool disorder.
- The ability to generate creative ideas. The tendency to create new things is inherent in unhappy people. Poets, artists, musicians are most often people with a neurotic personality type.
- Rarely are there serious health problems. Although neuroticism manifests itself in various somatic disorders, a tendency to overeat, neurotics rarely have problems with excess weight and health. Neurotics have a good metabolism, they react violently to any discomfort in the body, so they see a doctor in a timely manner.
- A person with a neurotic type of personality is almost never late, often coming before the appointed time.
- Neurotic people, given the right approach, often make good employees. People with neuroticism possess irrepressible energy, it’s difficult for them to sit still, idleness burdens them.
To determine the level of neuroticism, learn to cope with stress, you need to see a psychotherapist.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy helps to reduce the high level of neuroticism. The task is to teach the patient to correctly assess situations, to work through the inner conflicts that caused personal difficulties. Psychotherapy helps reduce symptoms and improve the quality of life.